Messier 4 and Antares - A Cluster near Nebulosity

Updated: May 22, 2020

Messier 4 is a beautiful globular cluster located in Scorpius, very close to the bright orange star Antares. The unique aspect of photographing M4 wide field is that you can see all the nebulous gas lit up by Antares all around the bright star. This gas is part of the Rho Ophiuchi molecular cloud complex in Ophiuchus/Scorpius.

We imaged this target for just a little over 1 hour as it was just rising above the mountains. We did not have any other target we wanted to photograph with the wide telescope while waiting for large nebulae to rise around 1AM. We usually never image objects that are below 25 degrees in altitude, but we had a "screw it" moment and decided to take the risk. Obviously, the quality of the final image is not really good and the gases really lack colors. The cluster does look fine though.

M4 is best photographed in Summer. Read our guide on the 15 best Astrophotography targets for Summer if you need some inspiration about what to image next!

Messier 4, Antares, and surrounding Nebulosity


Camera: ZWO ASI 1600MC

Telescope: Meade 70mm APO

Mount: Atlas EQ-G motorized Mount

Guiding: ZWO ASI 290MM Mini

Acquisition: ZWO ASIAIR

Power: Pegasus Astro Pocket Powerbox

Processing: PixInsight


Total Exposure Time: 1 hour and 15 minutes

Exposure Time per frame: 30 seconds

Filters: L, R, G, B

GAIN: 139

Zoomed in on Antares

A crop on the bright orange star Antares. Antares is very easy to spot in the night sky and is sometimes even confused for Mars due to its vivid orange glow!

In photography, Antares is surrounded by nebulous gas part of the Rho Ophiuchi molecular cloud complex. Some of this gas can be seen on the picture on the left.

Much more of this gas would be visible to the right if the framing of our image was different!

Zoomed in on M4

And here is a crop on the cluster we wanted to capture: Messier 4.

This is a bright and large globular cluster that fits easily in the same field of view as Antares if using a wide telescope.

M4 was the first cluster where individual stars were resolved! It was discovered in 1745 by Chéseaux, and added to Messier's catalogue in 1764.

How to find M4?

Because of its close proximity to Antares, M4 is very easy to find in the night sky! Late in Spring or anytime in Summer, wait for the Scorpion's tail to rise in the horizon. Look for the brightest star, Antares. Make sure you are actually looking at this star and not Mars which has the same color and can be near the same path as Antares from time to time.

The globular cluster M4 can be found just near Antares. Pointing your telescope at the bright star will most likely show you the cluster in there as well. Note though that another, smaller and fainter globular cluster is visible even closer to Antares, but it is not a Messier object!

Final Thoughts

We wish we imaged Messier 4 while it was higher in the sky and spent more time on it, but that will be for another time! We're glad we are still proud enough of the cluster itself to add it to our catalogue and will have all the time in the world to revisit it in the future.

Make sure to follow us on Facebook, Instagram, and YouTube to stay up to date with our work!

Clear Skies,

Antoine & Dalia Grelin

Galactic Hunter


The Astrophotographer's Guidebook

Description: Discover 60 Deep Sky Objects that will considerably improve your Imaging and Processing skills! Whether you are a beginner, intermediate, or advanced astrophotographer, this detailed book of the best deep sky objects will serve as a personal guide for years to come! Discover which star clusters, nebulae, and galaxies are the easiest and most impressive to photograph for each season. Learn how to find each object in the night sky, and read our recommendations on imaging them in a quick and comprehensive way. Each target in this guide contains our advice on imaging, photos of expected results, and a useful information table. We've also included a few cool facts about each target, a map to find it in the night sky, and more!

The Astrophotographer's Journal

Description: The Astrophotographer’s Journal is a portable notebook created for the purpose of recording observations, cataloguing photographs, and writing down the wonderful memories created by this hobby. This book contains more than 200 pages to memorialize your stargazing and imaging sessions, as well as a useful chart on the last pages to index exciting or important notes. Read back on the logs to see how much progress you have made through the months, the problems you overcame, and the notes taken to improve in the future. Just as the pioneers of astronomy did in their time, look up and take notes of your observations as you are the author of this star-filled journey.

The Constellations Handbook

Description: The Constellations Handbook is a logical guide to learning the 88 constellations. Learning the constellations is difficult. Remembering them is even harder. Have you ever wanted to look up to the night sky, name any pattern of stars and be able to tell their stories? This book groups the constellations in a logical order, so that the reader can easily learn them by their origin, and see how their stories interact with one another as a group. The last pages of this book include an index of all 88 constellations, each with a slot where you can write your own personal tips and tricks in order to memorize them with ease. The Constellations Handbook is not just another guide listing all the constellations from A to Z and their location, it is the perfect companion for stargazing, and a learning journey through the ages.

#M4 #Messier4 #Antares #RhoOphiuchi #cluster #Meade70mm #Meade #ASI1600MM

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