top of page

M46 and M47 - Two Open Clusters and a Hidden Nebula Astrophotography

Updated: Jun 7, 2023

Messier 46 and Messier 47 are two young open clusters in the constellation Puppis. The twist? A small but bright planetary nebula can be seen "hiding" within M46!

We drove to a Bortle 4 zone to image this pair of clusters and did our best while processing it to reveal the nebula as best as possible. How did it turn out? find out below!

Object Designation: M46 & M47

Also known as: N/A

Constellation: Puppis

Object Type: Open Clusters

Distance: 5,545 & 1,624 light-years away

Magnitude: 6.1 & 4.2

Discovered in: 1771

Planetary Nebula NGC 2438 in Messier 46
NGC 2438 - Daniel López, OT/IAC

What makes Messier 46 unique is that is overlays a bright planetary nebula, NGC 2438. Although the object will look very small and lack any interesting features, it really is a fantastic nebula to image with large telescopes, as seen on the left.

In our image, we tried to make sure that the two main colors, red and blue, popped out nicely, without blowing up the bright core. Check it out below!

Messier 46 and Messier 47 each contain about the same amount of stars: 500. They're both medium size open clusters and share similar characteristics. The main differences here are their distance and age. M46 lies farther than M47 (5,500 vs 1,600 light-years away), and is also much older (251 vs 78 million years old).

Photographing M46 and M47 was simple. The framing was important to capture both clusters nicely but was easily achieved by angling the camera in a way that each object is on opposite corners.

M46, M47, and NGC 2438 with an OSC camera and a refractor telescope.

Use the arrows to zoom in on each cluster!


Camera: QHY600C

Telescope: Stellarvue SVX130

Mount: Astro-Physics Mach1

Accessories: Moonlite Nitecrawler focuser

Processing: Pixinsight


Total Exposure Time: 3 hours

Exposure Time per frame: 5 minutes

Filters: N/A

Gain: 26


How to Locate M46 and M47?

How to find M46 and M47 in the constellation Puppis, map

Messier 46 and Messier 47 are both located extremely close to each other and will easily fit in the same field of view if using binoculars or any telescope with a focal length of up to 800mm.

The open clusters lie in the constellation Puppis, which does not rise high in the northern hemisphere. Luckily, M46 and M47 are at the northern extremity of the constellation, so they stay visible for a fair amount of time despite the constellation being so quick to disappear on the horizon.

The easiest way to find the clusters is to first locate Canis Major, easily visible due to it being home to the brightest star in the sky, Sirius. Grab your binoculars or use a small telescope to scan the area going from Sirius to the constellation Hydra. M46 and M47 should be visible midway to Hydra.


How to Process M46 and M47

Processing open clusters is, most of the time, simple. It is also the case for M46 and M47. The only tricky challenge here is to of course deal with the small planetary nebula within M46. NGC 2438 is tiny but bright. Make sure to keep an eye on it throughout your processing workflow so that you don't blow it up or mess up the colors.

The image below shows what our unprocessed image looked like, right after stacking all the raw files. As you can see, the nebula is pretty obvious!

M46 and M47 stack of 3 hours
M46 and M47 stack of 3 hours

Need help processing your images? Consider our Astrophotography Consulting Services, or learn exactly how we process our photos by purchasing our processing workflow HERE.


Want to learn all aspects of astrophotography in the most efficient way possible?

The Galactic Course includes a LIFETIME membership that gives you unlimited access to all current and upcoming astrophotography content. Step into an ever-growing realm of knowledge and learn at your own pace. Make life-long friends and connections with other members, and get tips from instructors that truly care about your journey and progress under the night sky.


Final Thoughts

Messier 46 and Messier 47 are two beautiful open clusters! The small planetary nebula visible in M46 is a nice addition to any image, and a great challenge as well!

Have you captured M46 and/or M47? Attach your image in the comments and let us know your acquisition details!

Make sure to follow us on Facebook, Instagram, and YouTube to stay up to date with our work!

Clear Skies,

Galactic Hunter


Astrophotography Books

Galactic Hunter Astrophotography books

1,361 views0 comments


PixInsight Processing Guides

Subscribe to our newsletter and instantly receive 7 free wallpapers!

Messier Workbook 300x300px ad.jpg

Learn astrophotography with our premium online course. Get lifetime access to all types of imaging content!

Galactic Course Logo transparent.png
bottom of page